Searching about 4 types of Artificial Intelligence will make you assured on the right path to AI categorization. You will have to scroll your mobile for a few hours but will not get any fruitful information. The Internet is filled with contradictory statements on what are the 4 types of Artificial Intelligence. Searching on types of statements will lead to confusing you about the evaluatory stages and types. A lot of articles are stating and describe the different types of artificial intelligence based on different things. After reviewing articles, artificial intelligence can be divided based on the stages and system of functionality.
Due to confusion on the evaluation and types of AI, this article will be based on the theme of evaluatory stages of AI under the title of 4 types of Artificial Intelligence. A 2016 article by Arend Hintze, an assistant professor of integrative biology and computer science and engineering at Michigan State University, outlined four categories into which AI can be divided. These categories go from task-specific intelligent systems, which are widely used today. AI can be categorized based on its functionality and capability. In this article 4 types of Artificial Intelligence mean categorization of AI under functionality. Before going to read about 4 types of artificial intelligence we should know what is artificial intelligence.
Table of Contents
Artificial intelligence is a technique for teaching a computer, a computer-controlled robot, or software to think intelligently in the same way that humans do. According to IBM in simple words, artificial intelligence is a discipline that blends computer science and substantial datasets to facilitate problem-solving. AI is achieved through examining the cognitive process and researching the patterns of the human brain. These research projects produce systems and software that are intelligent. Read more about artificial intelligence.
History of AI
The concept of “artificial intelligence” and the associated technology is not new to researchers. Contrary to what you would believe, this technology is far older. There are tales concerning mechanical men found in both Greek and Egyptian literature. The crucial moments in the evaluation of artificial intelligence can be read here.
What are the 4 types of artificial intelligence?
One of the most intriguing areas of technology is artificial intelligence research. Numerous ongoing discoveries and advancements can be categorized into four main groups. Let’s now analyze the various AI subtypes in terms of their functionalities.
Reactive Machines Artificial Intelligence (RMAI)
These AI systems are task-specific and have no memory. This category of AI includes devices that only use the data that is now available and take into account the current circumstances. They are only capable of a limited set of predetermined duties. Deep Blue is one instance, a well-known IBM chess software that defeated Garry Kasparov.
Limited Memory Artificial Intelligence (LMAI)
As the name implies, Limited Memory AI can make better judgments by reviewing historical data stored in its short memory. Such an AI has a transitory memory that it can use to retain past events and, in turn, judge what to do in the future. In other words, LMAI systems contain memories, allowing them to draw on the past to guide present actions. This is how some of the decision-making processes of self-driving cars by using sensors to identify the crossroads of civilians.
Theory of Mind Artificial Intelligence (TMAI)
A more sophisticated variety of artificial intelligence is called the Theory of Mind AI. It is believed that this class of machines has a significant impact on psychology. This kind of AI will put a lot of emphasis on emotional intelligence to better understand human beliefs and thoughts. Although the TMAI is still being thoroughly researched, it has not yet been fully developed.
Self-aware Artificial Intelligence (SAAI)
In this category of AI, programs are conscious because they have a sense of who they are. Self-aware machines are aware of their conditions. There is currently no such AI. Let’s only hope that we avoid evaluating this system in which machines would enable us to become conscious and aware of ourselves. Given the state of the world right now, this kind of AI seems a little far-fetched. Nevertheless, superintelligence might be attainable in the future.
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